Student of Socrates and Philosopher of the Form, this idealist is famous for his dialogues.  Writing in the context of late classical Greece, his Republic is a monument of Western Literature, and a demonstration of the  form of good, the focus of idealism – later called realism in the middle ages.  His successor, Aristotle, revolutionized epistemology with his ontological thinking on a wide range of topics.

Socrates, the center of Plato’s writing, engages in the dialectic, or elenchus, a predecessor of the syllogistic mode of formal logic.

Timeline of Plato and the philosophers in Athens.

Reading Guides:

Book I

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Book II

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Book III

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Book IV

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Book V

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Book VI

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Book VII

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Book VIII

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Book IX

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Book X

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