Category: Aesthetics

Aeschylus

Veteran of Marathon and distinguished playwright, he was a father of Greek Drama, employing a second actor along with the chorus. 525 – 456BC   The Oresteia: Agamemnon – with…

Veteran of Marathon and distinguished playwright, he was a father of Greek Drama, employing a second actor along with the chorus.

525 – 456BC

 

The Oresteia:

Agamemnon – with music by Birtwhistle (youtube) part I, Part II

The Libation Bearers – Birtwhistle Libation Bearers (youtube)

The Furies – Birtwhistle Furies (youtube)

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allegory

A story or arrangement of narration that works on two levels. “Psyche, moved by the fear of the unknown, lit the forbidden lamp in her bedchamber banishing her husband cupid.”…

A story or arrangement of narration that works on two levels.

“Psyche, moved by the fear of the unknown, lit the forbidden lamp in her bedchamber banishing her husband cupid.”

“Gilgamesh, falling asleep on his return from the end of the world, was robbed of the plant that granted eternal life by a snake.”

For examples of this in literature, read Ovid in the Metamorphoses, Dante in La Divina Comedia, or Aesop, perhaps even The Song of Songs.

Allegorical meaning has been considered part of the medieval method of biblical hermeneutic.

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Anapodoton

Employ a subordinate phrase without the main clause.   This produces an incomplete sentence for rhetorical effect. “When in Rome…” When in the course of human affairs…” An apple a…

Employ a subordinate phrase without the main clause.   This produces an incomplete sentence for rhetorical effect.

“When in Rome…”

When in the course of human affairs…”

An apple a day…

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Antonomasia

This occurs in two ways: A proper name may be substituted representing qualities – “He was the Jehu of shopping cart driving.”  “The warnings of health care collapse came from…

This occurs in two ways:

  1. A proper name may be substituted representing qualities – “He was the Jehu of shopping cart driving.”  “The warnings of health care collapse came from the Cassandra of the Senate.”
  2. Conversely, a phrase describing attributes may be substituted for a proper name.  “Old Shatter-Hand drew his rifle on the bandits.”  “The sanctimonious poser admonished the country to have open discussions on racial inequity.”
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Comparison

  How is X the same as something/someone else What makes it different from what it is similar to? (see the predicables) What does it not share with the rest…

 

  • How is X the same as something/someone else
    • What makes it different from what it is similar to? (see the predicables)
    • What does it not share with the rest of its genus?
    • What was it in the past?
    • What might it be in the future?
    • What is its opposite in kind?
    • What is it analogous to?
    • Similitude:  The current situation is like one that we’ve seen before, i.e., the search for resemblances.
  • How is an X different from something/someone else
  • To what degree?
    • How does it compare to its normal version?
    • How does it differ from things that resemble it?
    • How is it different from precedents and parallel versions?
    • What is its range of variation?
    • Is its opposite or contrary better or worse
    • Is X better worse than Y?  more/less
    • How can it be evaluated?
    • What is the standard of evaluation?

Grammar includes the metaphor and simile.  Judgements of quality relate to beauty, goodness and truth.  Art is imitation.

Logic of comparison deals with the concrete and poesy, compared to the analytic mode of reason that subtracts from essence.   “my love is like a red red rose” “God is Love”.  Poetic reasoning is more compact and comprehensive than analytic.

Rhetoric of comparison is a formational discipline.  The ethical consideration determines what is best regarding choice.  The aesthetic consideration determines what is best regarding desirability.  Classical Christian Education is emphatically committed to the ‘best’.

 

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Enallage

Using the incorrect grammatical form, tense or case with its counterpart: ex: Was there guns in play? Leave me be.  (achieves harmony in the vowel  repetition)    

Using the incorrect grammatical form, tense or case with its counterpart:

ex: Was there guns in play?

Leave me be.  (achieves harmony in the vowel  repetition)

 

 

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