The Four Causes

The four Aristotelean causes were devised as a means of explaining the world.   From this , an Aristotelean science, predecessor of all modern sciences has followed.   Final causes, or the purposes of things, are not popularly used – actually being unavailable to strict induction.

See Aristotle’s writing in the Metaphysics here.

Efficient Cause

Formal Cause

Material Cause

Final Cause


Author: Doctor Faustus

Logic and Rhetoric instructor at the Classical School of Wichita. Former Marine, member of the US Army Chorus, published video game developer, military simulation designer, and international opera singer. Bachelor of Science, humanities, The New School, New York NY.