The first of the 5 Common Topics – Aliquis definit vincit.
Associated with the first act of reason, or simple apprehension. A perception proceeds to form a thought, which in turn is abstracted into an idea, and finally denoted by a term. Terms are the subjects of definition — De-finitio – a ‘bounded’ idea.
- Who or What is X?
- What kind of thing is X?
- Formal or logical cause (Comprehension, Connotation)
- Genus and Species
- What is X not?
- What are the parts of X?
- material cause
- what is it made of?
- To What group does X belong?
- What examples of the thing exist? (Extension, Denotation)
- Etymological definitions, the history of the word
Grammar includes vocabulary and the practical and theoretical sciences.
Material Logic sets forth the art of definition, division, categories, predication and causes.