Category: Common Topics

Relation

What conditions are in effect?  a fortiori What comes first?  a priori – in time or causation. What happened immediately before and after X? causation – a posteriori did _…

  • What conditions are in effect?  a fortiori
  • What comes first?  a priori – in time or causation.
  • What happened immediately before and after X? causation – a posteriori
    • did _ cause _? modus ponens/modus tollens
    • If _ is true, what cannot be true? contradiction (square of opposition)
    • Are _ and _ mutually exclusive, or can they coexist?  contrariety (square of opposition)
  • Ramification
    • What were/would be the effects if the choice is affirmative?
    • What were/would be the effects if the choice is negative
  • Final Cause
  • Efficient Cause
  • Sufficient and Necessary Cause

The laws of reason bound the possibilities of inference.

The activities of human reason:

  1. Simple Apprehension – Term
    1. sense perception – perception
    2. image – imagination
    3. abstraction – intuition
  2. Judgement – Proposition
    1. a connection of abstractions
    2. logical relationship of ideas
    3. truth or falsehood
  3. Inference – Conclusion
    1. deductive – universal
    2. inductive – particular

Formal Logic provides validity of an argument (terms, propositions and conclusions) as to their proper connection.

Propositional Logic and symbolic logic are abstractions of the relation of propositions through logical operators.

Material Logic examines the content of terms.

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Religion

Related apparently to ‘Religare’ to ‘tie back or recapture’ in Latin, man’s efforts to recapture the gods that seem to have deserted him are the subject of religion.  Plato would…

Related apparently to ‘Religare’ to ‘tie back or recapture’ in Latin, man’s efforts to recapture the gods that seem to have deserted him are the subject of religion.  Plato would place religion prior to the ethics of politics, believing that without a sense of the sacred there can be no basis for people to live together.  Aristotle places this in the realm of formation that must come before cultivation of the virtues.

Some place religion in the realm of the sense of transcendence.

Society is impossible without inequality, inequality intolerable without a code of morality, and a code of morality unacceptable without religion — Napoleon Bonaparte

Modern man is no different from the ancient in his need for a transcendent understanding.

 

The modes of worship in Rome were considered equally true by the people, equally false by the philosopher, and equally useful by the magistrate — Edward Gibbon

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Research Plan I

Research Plan I – Friday Week 6 The research plan will eventually evolve into the arguments and grammatical material (logic and grammar) of the Thesis. Beginning with an invention sheet…

Research Plan I – Friday Week 6

The research plan will eventually evolve into the arguments and grammatical material (logic and grammar) of the Thesis. Beginning with an invention sheet based on the Working Hypothesis, the student conducts an ‘A.N.I’ (affirmative, negative, interesting) assessment based on the Five Common Topics. These results, mostly questions, will indicate the direction of research.

The Five Common Topics are:

Definition
Comparison
Circumstance
Relation
Authority

Arrange your questions by these categories, approaching each as a positive, a negative, and an ‘interesting’ aspect of the question.

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